The US’ trade deficit stems from its extremely low natio

nal savings rate and has to be compensated by other countries’ national savings, which in tu

rn adds to the trade deficit. On the other hand, China’s efficiency in the manufacturing industry makes it a lar

ge exporter of manufactured goods to the US and helps it sustain its high savings rate.

A high growth rate means higher trade deficit for US

Given that the US economy is driven by domestic demand, consumpt

ion in particular, instead of exports, a high rate of ec

onomic growth will widen the trade deficit, as it would have to import more products than it exports. In such a sit

uation, the implementation of large-scale infrastructure construction projects would further increase the trade deficit.

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China has to walk a fine balance between local govern

nment debt management and stable economic growth, especially at a time when trade te

nsions with the United States have imposed more downward pressure, said economists.

More financial resources and investors will be involved in the debt resolution process, said Qiao Baoyun, head of the Acad

emy of Public Finance and Public Policy at the Central University of Finance and Economics.

The last round of local government debt swaps started in 2015 and ended in August 2018, w

hich saw 14.34 trillion yuan ($2.08 trillion) of local government debt being swapped into bonds.

Local governments are set to face more debt burden in the next three ye

ars, as many of the previously issued bonds are set to expire, income from land sales has

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He said that it’s of great importance to promote such philos

philosophies to enhance the exchanges and mutual learning of diverse civilizations.

Frederick W. Russell-Rivoallan, a program specialist and head of social and human sciences for UNESCO, hailed the dialogue of Asian civilizations.

“It’s a great way to concentrate in this part of world, but it’s also

a global inspiration – bringing countries together, understanding other cultures, respecting each

other and sharing with each other,” he said. “That’s the way that we can understand each other better and live together better.”

China will extend 1,000-Megabyte broadband connection to more than 300 cities and cut the

average service rates by 15 percent for small and midsized enterprises this year. The measures are desi

gned to achieve multiplying effects of expanding domestic demand, boosting employment and improving people’s lives.

The decision was made at the State Council’s executive meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang on May 14.

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Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang urged the US gover

 government on Tuesday to consider the costs it would bear through raising tariffs.

He reiterated that China will never capitulate under any external pressure and hopes the US meets China halfway.

The US has no need to “worry about” China’s affairs, Geng said at a daily news conference. The country has made progress i

improving its foreign investment environment and has become a popular investment destination, he sa

id, citing the expansion of US-based Exxon Mobil Corp and Tesla Inc in the market last year.

Geng stressed that China welcomes foreign companies to increase investment in the market and will co

ntinue to establish a more stable, fair, transparent and predictable investment and business environment.

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He said those who are interested in doing business with

Chinese partners in countries involved the Belt and Road Initiative should work together to create a

n ecosystem of a “one-stop shop”, providing diversified services to share in China’s prosperity along the Belt and Road.

President Xi Jinping asked countries to create conditions for other civilizations to develop while keep

ing their own vibrant. His keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the Conference on Dialo

gue of Asian Civilizations on Wednesday has aroused global interest. Here’s what some experts think.

As you know, I work for UNESCO and the general feelin

g I had after President Xi Jinping’s speech was that there were convergences on

many levels between his comments and the work UNESCO does in the world of dialogue among civilizations thro

ughout the world and also the work that we do specifically in relation to the ancient and modern Silk Road.

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Move shows Beijing’s resolve to safeguard its interests

China said late on Monday that it will increase tariffs on the bulk o

$60 billion of US imports to three categories of rates between 10 percent and 25 percent.

For the rest of the US imports, the duty rate remains at 5 percent, acc

ording to a statement released by the Customs Tariff Commission of the State Council.

The tariffs will hit around 5,000 products such as food, chem

icals and auto parts, and are due to take effect on June 1, the commission said.

In a separate statement on Monday, the commission said i

t will be open to tariff exemption applications for part of qualified US imports.

This is China’s latest response to the additional US tariffs on $200

billion of Chinese goods, which were implemented on Friday morning.

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Perhaps most notably, the growth rate of women workers wa

s higher than men in new media operators and data analysts among the five professions, illustrating that burgeoning career opportunities and skill requ

irements are presenting an unprecedented advantage for women. That’s a change from the past, when women

normally had more household duties, especially in the era of universal two-child policy, he said.

Lu also said that the number of people engaged in human-centered job positions was growing faster than other rules.

“It implied that jobs requiring insights into people’s preferences and habits, such a

s marketing and human resources, are irreplaceable by machine intelligence so far,” Lu said.

A survey jointly conducted by research firm Trustdata and LinkedIn in April found career starters w

ere establishing their career goals earlier than past generations, exhibiting a stronger self-driven momentum.

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countries work to tackle disastersrs ago during which the s

Scientists from China and other countries involved in the Belt

and Road Initiative will work together to enhance scientific and technological coop

eration in disaster prevention and mitigation, according to a joint declaration.

The collaboration aims to make areas along the initiative safer, more sustainable a

nd disaster-proof, according to the declaration published during the two-day International Conference on Silk-r

oad Disaster Risk Reduction and Development, which concluded in Beijing on Sunday.

Sunday marked China’s 11th National Disaster Prevention and Reduct

ion Day, an annual event which began in 2009 after a devastating earthquake hit Sic

huan and neighboring provinces on May 12, 2008, leaving over 87,000 dead or missing.

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We believe that these things are major issues of prin

ciple. So every country has important principles, and we absolutely c

annot make concessions on such issues of principle,” the vice-premier said.

Liu, however, added that he hoped both sides would exhibit flexibility in the talks.

He refuted the criticism of the US side that China reneged on its promises in the draft trade text.

“We believe that it is only natural to have changes before a final deal; it is something that surely occurs in the process, so we

don’t think the Chinese side has back-walked,” he said, adding that he disagreed with the wording of “renege”.

“We just had differing views on how to phrase some things in t

he text, and we hope to resolve it, so it’s unnecessary to overreact to the issue,” he said.

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A national registry dedicated to clinical trials involvi

ng cell technologies should be established to promote greater transparency, they said, so that before a trial begins scient

ists would need to pass an ethics review and provide a list of names of all participating scientists and institutions.

Universities and research institutes should strengthen education a

nd training in bioethics and scientific and medical professionalism, covering research sci

entists and students of science, medicine and the humanities at all levels, they said.

In addition, more efforts should be undertaken to eliminate prejudice agains

t people with disabilities, which exists in the minds of some scholars, they said. Following the gene-edited baby inci

dent, government departments have vowed to improve supervision, and new regulations are being made or revised.

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